Linear Combinations of Complex Orbitals
Below you can add, remove and modify hydrogenlike wavefunctions and adjust the quantum numbers (n, l, and m) of each. Preset orbitals can be viewed or new ones can be constructed from basis wavefunctions. Inspired by falstad.com.
Drag the view to see the total wavefunction from different angles. Scroll to zoom.
Each wavefunction is multiplied by a complex number which can be adjusted by dragging on the complex plane, shown as a twodimensional point. The hue represents the phase angle, with red corresponding to positive real values, cyan being negative, and everything else interpolated between.
1s


2s 
2px 
2py 
2pz 

3s 
3px 
3py 
3pz 
3dz² 
3dx²y² 
3dxy 
3dyz 
3dxz 

4s 
4px 
4py 
4pz 
4dz² 
4dx²y² 
4dxy 
4dyz 
4dxz 

5s 
5px 
5py 
5pz 
5dz² 
5dx²y² 
5dxy 
5dyz 
5dxz 
4fz³ 
4fxz² 
4fyz² 
4fxyz 
4fz(x²y²) 
4fy(3x²y²) 
4fx(x²3y²) 
sp(i) 
sp(ii) 

5fz³ 
5fxz² 
5fyz² 
5fxyz 
5fz(x²y²) 
5fy(3x²y²) 
5fx(x²3y²) 
sp²(i) 
sp²(ii) 
sp²(iii) 
sp³(i) 
sp³(ii) 
sp³(iii) 
sp³(iv) 
sp³d(i) 
sp³d(ii) 
sp³d(iii) 
sp³d(iv) 
sp³d(v) 
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